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What are Short Circuit Currents?

A short circuit, also known as a fault, is a specific type of current that introduces a significant amount of damaging energy in the form of heat and magnetic force into a power system. In other words, it is a low-resistance path of energy that bypasses part of a circuit; causing the bypassed portion of the circuit to cease to function. The skipping of the portion of the circuit can cause a large amount of current to start to flow which, in turn, causes heat in the wires which can lead to several problems.